President Ivan Gasparovic is no stranger to slips of the tongue or faux pas, but his most recent slip up at a meeting with Serbian President Molorad Dodik hit a sensitive nerve when he compared relations of Serbia and Bosnia to the more amicable one that Slovakia and the Czech Republic share.
Gasparovic’s public comment on Wednesday caused an uproar in Bosnian media, for instance, with it being referred to as a diplomatic scandal. The Bosnian authorities are now demanding an explanation by way of the Slovak ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has several levels of political structuring. The most important of these levels is the division of the country into two entities: Republika Srpskaand the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina covers 51% of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s total area, while Republika Srpska covers 49%. The entities, based largely on the territories held by the two warring sides at the time, were formally established by the Dayton peace agreement in 1995 because of the tremendous changes in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s ethnic structure.
Since 1996 the power of the entities relative to the State government has decreased significantly. Nonetheless, entities still have numerous powers to themselves. The Brčko District in the north of the country was created in 2000 out of land from both entities. It officially belongs to both, but is governed by neither, and functions under a decentralized system of local government. The Brčko District has been praised for maintaining a multiethnic population and a level of prosperity significantly above the national average. Source: Wikipedia